Bringing together the most up-to-date information on all aspects of primary and revision total ankle replacement (TAR), this definitive text focuses on TAR procedures and prostheses available for use in North America with additional 'lessons learned' from the international community. The text is evidence-based, includes bullet points for quick reference, and is heavy on step-by-step photographs during surgery. Accordingly, the chapter content over four main sections is a purposeful mix of theory, data, and tips/pearls with detailed photographs, tables, and references. Section One provides an introduction to and history of TAR, including a discussion of fixed versus mobile bearings, TAR versus arthrodesis, and current indications and contraindications for primary TAR. Section Two focuses on primary TAR, covering a number of contemporary systems, such as INBONE, INFINITY, SALTO TALARIS and STAR. Secondary procedures with TAR comprise Section Three, including management of wound healing complications, soft tissue injuries, and varus and valgus malalignment. Section Four discusses revision TAR, covering topics such as infected replacements, component subsidence, and limb salvage as well as issues surrounding specific implant failures. Comprehensive yet practical, Primary and Revision Total Ankle Replacement will be the gold standard for books on this topic for many years to come and will provide invaluable instruction to orthopedic surgeons, podiatrists and foot and ankle clinicians worldwide.