This practical handbook is the first resource written by practicing pediatric anesthesiologists that provides the reader with a bedside reference for managing critical incidents and for effectively mastering the key topics within pediatric anesthesiology. The first main section of the book addresses critical incidents related to the anesthetic management of pediatric patients. Listed in alphabetical order to allow rapid retrieval by the reader, each Critical Incident follows a concise, standardized format, covering presentation, risk factors, differential diagnosis, pathophysiology, management, and prevention. The second section consists of nearly 100 Essential Topics. Bullet points, key phrases and tables provide a focused and efficient review format. Written and edited by experts from top children's hospitals, this is an essential resource for residents and fellows seeking to master the key topics, as well as a valuable quick-reference handbook for more experienced anesthesiologists caring for pediatric patients.