Nuclear Oncology a contemporary narrative of the role of nuclear medicine in oncology with an emphasis on SPECT/CT and PET/CT with additional comments when appropriate on the potential application of PET/MR and to a lesser degree, targeted radionuclide therapy. This book focuses on the use of radionuclides in the diagnosis and treatment of malignant diseases. It describes relevant approved and investigational clinical applications, instrumentation & technology, chemistry and practical clinical issues in nuclear oncology. The basic science and current research topics of nuclear oncology are addressed in separate chapters. Nuclear medicine has become an essential component to all phases of the management of the patient with a malignant tumor and in some cases, even benign neoplasms. The standard of practice for many tumors requires PET/CT imaging at various stages of diagnosis and management. In addition to clinical applications, ongoing investigational efforts, which more and more involve multi-institutional protocols, are also presented.