This book is a comprehensive survey of the current state of knowledge in the field of neuro-psychopharmacology in childhood and adolescence. In the first part, the essentials of neuro-psychopharmacology are presented in order to provide a deeper understanding of the principles and particularities in the therapy of children and adolescents. This chapter includes information on neurotransmitters and signal transduction pathways, chemical neuroanatomy, pharmacodynamics, characteristics of drug therapy in childhood and adolescence, the pharmacotherapy in the outpatient setting, the pharmacotherapy of mental disorders in children and adolescents with mental handicaps, and general aspects and particularities of emergency pharmacotherapy with children and adolescents. The chapter on classes of neuro-psychiatric treatment provides sufficient background material to understand more easily how psychoactive drugs work, and why, when, and in whom should they be used. For each drug within a class, data on preclinical pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, indications, dosages, and cognate issues are reviewed. In the third part, the disorder-specific and symptom-oriented medication is described and discerningly evaluated from a practical point of view, so that a physician is provided with precise instructions on how to proceed. Psychiatric Drugs in Childhood and Adolescence uses numerous tables, schemata and illustrations and is a valuable reference for child and adolescent psychiatrists and psychotherapists, paediatricians, general practitioners, psychologists, and nursing staff as well as teachers.