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The Myth of Executive Functioning

Missing Elements in Conceptualization, Evaluation, and Assessment

Beschreibung

Executive functioning: we measure it, assess it, document its development in youth, track its decline in age and use it as a basis for diagnoses, treatment planning and-of course-theories. Could it be possible that science has spent decades chasing a cognitive phantom?

Noting the lack of consensus concerning definition, component skills, and location within the brain, The Myth of Executive Functioning calls basic assumptions, prominent theories, commonly used test methods, and even the phrase executive functioning into question. The book's deceptively simple argument takes an evolutionary/neuroscience look at the cornerstones of cognitive organization, including memory, planning, decision-making and adaptation to novel circumstances. From there, gaps are identified between systems of cognitive control and those behaviors that are evaluated in neuropsychological testing-gaps that contribute to the disconnect between how science views mind and body, brain and behavior. The author's problem-solving metaphor places new emphasis on stimulus processing and on the relationship between movement and thought as he offers thought-provoking perspectives on:

 The limits of neuropsychological constructs.

  • The components of adaptive thinking.
  • The automatic aspects of problem solving.
  • The left-brain/right-brain dichotomy.
  • Problems with the domain approach to cognition.
  • New paradigms for testing cognitive functioning.

A controversial presentation with the potential to change clinical practice and training, The Myth of Executive Functioning will be read, debated and learned from by neuropsychologists, clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, cognitive neuroscientists and rehabilitation specialists.



Leonard F. Koziol is a clinical neuropsychologist with specialty board certifications in neuropsychology and pediatric neuropsychology and a recognized expert in executive function disorders. His neuropsychology practice is located in Arlington Heights, Illinois where he works with children, adolescents and adults with attention or concentration problems, memory difficulties, executive dysfunction and learning disabilities both in clinical and school settings. He has been a clinical advocate for children by arguing for the development of a diagnostic nomenclature that addresses the specific problems of children. He has served as a guest editor and contributor to special edition journals on the topics of ADHD, executive functions and the role of the cerebellum in movement and thinking.