This comprehensive reference on therapeutic repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) documents the current status in the field. The main focus is the clinical applications of rTMS tested to date, including treatment of paresis, aphasia, and visual neglect in stroke patients, therapy for motor impairment in Parkinson’s disease, and applications for tinnitus and neuropathic pain. Based on the available clinical evidence (RCTs, meta-analyses, and systematic reviews), combined with the personal experience of experts, a clinically oriented best evidence synthesis is provided for each application, together with a clear description of rTMS algorithms that generate clinical benefits in the target domain. A further feature is the presentation of a theoretical model of therapeutic action for each therapeutic target. The book will be invaluable for clinicians and researchers in neurology and related fields, including neurologists, physiatrists, as well as ENT and pain specialists.