This book is a wide-ranging guide to the diagnosis and management of the numerous medical and surgical complications that may arise in patients with sickle cell anemia. After introductory chapters on the genetics, pathophysiology, clinical features, and variants of sickle cell anemia, the complications observed in different parts of the body are addressed in a series of well-illustrated chapters. The coverage includes splenic, hepatobiliary, musculoskeletal, gastrointestinal, ophthalmological, cardio- and cerebrovascular, and renal complications, as well as acute chest syndrome, leg ulcers, hand and foot syndrome, acute appendicitis, and priapism. Treatment-oriented chapters consider perioperative management, blood transfusion therapy, hydroxyurea treatment, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and emerging strategies. The book is clearly written in a distinctive bullet point format for ease of reference and emphasizes especially aspects of practical significance. It will be of value for hematologists, general surgeons, internists, pediatricians, pediatric surgeons, fellows, residents, medical students, and nurses.