Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a growing worldwide public health problem resulting from the increasing number of patients with diabetes and hypertension, but also from the aging of the population. As the pathology associated with CKD appears to become more complex with age, it is essential to improve the prognosis of patients suffering from CKD by developing effective measures to prevent and control complications for the elderly. The publication at hand makes a significant contribution to achieving this goal, with renowned Japanese scientists presenting their recent research results. Papers cover various aspects of CKD and related morbidities, ranging from dialysis- and access-related issues to bone disorders, tissue engineering, or hyperphosphatemia. Due to the wide range of topics presented, this book will be of interest to readers in various clinical and research settings connected with the care for the elderly.