This book provides a comprehensive overview of modern methodology, diagnostic methods and techniques of HIV/AIDS imaging. It starts with a general review of HIV/AIDS imaging and evidence based medicine (EBM). In the following chapters, authors introduce 13 of most common types of AIDS/HIV-associated diseases separately. High-quality examples combined with computed tomography (CT), Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), gross anatomy and pathology images are clearly illustrated. Moreover, the use of functional imaging in HIV/AIDS diagnosis and differential diagnosis is an essential part that diagnostic doctors will find to be useful.