Permanent childhood hearing loss is one of the most common congenital conditions. With universal newborn hearing screening, and technological progress in acoustic amplification and cochlear implants, the expected outcomes for children with hearing loss have changed. Specialized intervention focused on the development of the child's hearing potential and in developing spoken communication is required; in order to provide this specialized intervention, more resources to help train professionals are needed. Auditory-based intervention for children with hearing loss is taught in existing audiology and SLP programs, and new graduate-level training programs continually crop up (University of North Carolina, Utah State University, University of Southern Mississippi, Aston University, etc). Also, more traditional teaching programs are including education of deaf and hard of hearing children and the development of spoken language.