An appreciation of atrioventricular valve surgical anatomy reveals that they are much more than simple valves, opening and closing in response to pressure changes. The structural interrelationship of the valves of the heart and the dynamic mechanisms involved in their function are fundamental in optimizing valve performance, and are dependent upon an intricate multifaceted central cardiac complex. Mitral Valve Surgery presents a detailed background of the mitral valve, its pathology, evaluation, repair and replacement from a range of experts in the field, providing a detailed reference for clinicians in cardiology, cardiac surgery, interventional cardiology, and related fields. The Editors have designed the book to be a comprehensive and systematic review including current practical information and guidance. As we look to the future, mitral valve surgery will continue to evolve and attempting to maximize patient outcome such injury will become increasingly important. This book provides the fundamental background information to fuel interest, initiate novel prevention, refine surgical and therapeutic strategies, and inform the investigator how to develop and design their research study.