Scientific Essay from the year 2017 in the subject Medicine - Public Health, grade: 1, Egerton University, language: English, abstract: This essay will provide an overview on the physical and mental effects of alcohol addiction among indigenous Australians living in rural Australia. It will discuss the background of alcohol addiction among indigenous Australians and evaluate its impact on the health of the concerned population. Addition among the indigenous Australians living in rural Australia has seemingly become an enormous social issue in the society. Over the past three decades, alcohol addiction and other drugs is believed to have caused significant physical and mental consequences on the lives of indigenous Australian population because it has been one of the principal causes of drug problems. It is reported that addiction to alcohol has contributed significantly to the prevalence of chronic diseases including mental illnesses. Apart from causing mental illnesses, alcohol addiction contributes to the occurrence of liver cirrhosis, fetal alcohol syndrome, cardiovascular disease and several types of cancer. On the other hand, alcohol and drugs addiction is believed to have contributed to crime, accidents, violence and anti-social behaviors because it impairs coordination and judgment.